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Evaluation of cysteine ethyl ester as efficient inducer for glutathione overproduction in Saccharomyces spp
Zitatschlüssel Lorenz.2016
Autor Lorenz, Eric and Schmacht, Maximilian and Senz, Martin
Seiten 122–131
Jahr 2016
ISSN 1879-0909
DOI 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2016.08.004
Journal Enzyme and microbial technology
Jahrgang 93-94
Zusammenfassung Economical yeast based glutathione (GSH) production is a process that is influenced by several factors like raw material and production costs, biomass production and efficient biotransformation of adequate precursors into the final product GSH. Nowadays the usage of cysteine for the microbial conversion into GSH is industrial state of practice. In the following study, the potential of different inducers to increase the GSH content was evaluated by means of design of experiments methodology. Investigations were executed in three natural Saccharomyces strains, S. cerevisiae, S. bayanus and S. boulardii, in a well suited 50ml shake tube system. Results of shake tube experiments were confirmed in traditional baffled shake flasks and finally via batch cultivation in lab-scale bioreactors under controlled conditions. Comprehensive studies showed that the usage of cysteine ethyl ester (CEE) for the batch-wise biotransformation into GSH led up to a more than 2.2 times higher yield compared to cysteine as inducer. Additionally, the intracellular GSH content could be significantly increased for all strains in terms of 2.29±0.29% for cysteine to 3.65±0.23% for CEE, respectively, in bioreactors. Thus, the usage of CEE provides a highly attractive inducing strategy for the GSH overproduction.
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